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Built in the 16th century on the site of a monastic settlement, Elizabeth Fort was destroyed in 1603 by citizens of Cork in an act of defiance against King James I. What remains today is the outer wall of the fort, ordered to be rebuilt by Lord Mountjoy. Since 1690, it has been used as a prison and a barrack and is now a police station. It was used by the Black and Tans in 1920 and later by the Republicans during the civil wa. The exceptional view afforded from this site accounts for its strategic importance and for this alone it is worth visiting. After a visit you can eat at the Gateway Bar
, which once counted the Dukes of Wellington and Marlborough among its patrons.